Common Poker Terms
Aces Up: A pair of
Aces with any other pair.
Bluffing with a poor hand or raising with a big hand and showing it after no one
all of your chips.
All Pink: A flush
containing either diamonds or hearts.
Airlines: A pair of aces.
Kournikova: Slang for Ace/King. (Due to the initials AK and because it
looks so good and so rarely plays up to expectations.)
prescribed amount posted before the start of a hand by all players.
Back Door Flush
or Straight: A drawing hand that requires a player to hit two running cards on
4th and 5th street. (Ex: You have two diamonds in your hand and there is
one on the flop. You have a "back door" flush draw. If you hit
running diamonds on the turn and the river, you made your back door flush.)
Bad Beat: To have
a strong hand beaten by a hand that had a low percentage chance to win.
The Beast: Three
Belly Buster: An
inside straight draw. Also called a "gutshot."
Bet: To place a
The tendencies of a particular player to act in certain ways in specific
Big Blind: The
larger of the two required pre-flop bets, used to force action.
Ace-King in the hole.
Blank: A card
that has little or no chance of being valuable to anyone in a hand.
Blind: A required
bet made prior to the dealing of the cards.
Bluff: A bet or a
raise with a hand that has little or no chance to beat the other players should
they call your bet.
Board: In Texas
Hold'em the board is the set of five community cards which are dealt face up on
Boat: A full
Bobtail: An open
ended straight. Four cards of consecutive rank that will make a straight with
the addition of one higher or lower card.
Pairing the lowest value card on the board. For example if board is 6,10,K and
you have a six in the hole but no 10 or K, you have bottom pair.
Mountain: Slang for a pair of Queens.
Bull: An Ace.
Bullet: An Ace.
Aces in the hole are often preferred to as "bullets".
player who is in the designated dealer position for the duration of a hand is
said to be "on the button" This player has a positional advantage as he will act
last on each betting round. The term "button" arose from the round button-like
disk used to designate this player in casino games.
minimum amount of money required to initially enter a poker game.
Call: To equal a
previous bet without raising.
A player who often calls but seldom raises making him impossible to bluff but
easy to beat with good cards.
poker this term describes the situation when the maximum number of raises
allowed on a single betting round has been reached.
Chase or chasing:
To continue with a hand that is probably not winning in an attempt to improve to
Check: To waive
the right to initiate the betting in a round, but to retain the right to act if
another player bets.
waive the right to bet until a bet has been made by an opponent, and then to
increase the bet by at least an equal amount when it is your turn to act.
extremely poor starting hand.
Cold Call: To
call a previous bet or multiple bets on the first round.
Cold deck: Used
to refer to a deck that a player feels is not yielding an average number of
The cards dealt face-up in the center of the table that can be used by all
players, in combination with their own cards, to form the best possible hand.
Cowboys: A pair
Crabs: A pair of
Play Online Poker
Dead Man's Hand:
A-8. Wild Bill Hickock was fatally shot during a draw poker game while holding
two pair, black aces and black eights.
Dead Money: The
money in a pot that was bet by a player who has folded.
Deal: To give
each player cards or put cards on the board.
Deck: A standard
set of 52 playing cards plus the joker if it is used in the game.
Deuce: A two.
Dog: A hand or
player that is not favored to win the pot.
Down to the
Felt: All in or having very few chips.
Brunson": 10-2. Doyle Brunson won consecutive World Series' of Poker holding the
10-2 on the final hand of the game each year.
Drawing Dead: A
hand that cannot win because someone already holds a hand that will beat the
highest hand it can possibly make.
Drawing Hand: A
hand that will need additional cards to become a complete hand, such as AK.
Draw Out: To
improve your hand to a winner by drawing a card you needed on the turn or
when the hand was losing up to that point.
In Texas Hold'em a hand that has less than 25% chance to win preflop. It
is usually used in reference to two hands that share one card. For
instance, Ace/King dominates Ace/Jack.
Early Position: A
position in which you must act before most of the the other players in a round.
Early position is a disadvantage in Texas Hold'em.
Face Cards: Aces,
Kings, queens, and jacks.
Family Pot: A pot
which involves nearly all the players at the table.
Fifth Street: In
Texas Hold'em the last community card dealt. The river.
Fishooks: A pair
Fixed Limit: In
limit poker, any betting structure in which the amount of the bet on each
particular round is predetermined and may not be exceeded.
Flat Tire: A hand
that needs a Jack to improve.
Floor Person: A
card room employee who may be called to make a ruling on a given hand or to
handle complaints about player behavior.
Flop: The first
three community cards dealt together face up on the table in Texas Hold'em.
Flush: A poker
hand consisting of five cards of the same suit.
surrender your interest in a pot by releasing your cards to the dealer.
Forty Miles: Four
Four Flush: Four
suited cards that will become a flush if one more card of that suit is drawn or
dealt to the board.
Fourth Street: In
Texas Hold'em the fourth of five community cards, on the betting round following
Free Card: A card
which is dealt after all active players checked, therefore requiring no further
investment in the pot.
chance to win something without any required investment before the game or
Full House: A
hand consisting of three of a kind and a pair.
Heads-up Play: A
game involving only two players who play against each other.
Pretending that you are making a difficult decision when you already know what
you are going to do.
Jamming: A lot of
players raising and re-raising are said to be jamming a pot.
Jay Birds: Jacks.
unpaired card that helps determine the value of a five-card poker hand when the
opponents are otherwise tied.
King Kong: A pair
Late Position: A
position in which you act after most of the other players during a round, an
advantageous position in Texas Hold'em.
Leak: A flaw in a
players playing strategy that is causing him to lose money.
Leather Ass: The
patience to wait on playable cards or winning situations to bet.
Limp In: In Texas
Hold'em to call the blind on the opening betting round without raising.
Live One: A poor
player who usually loses rapidly.
Loose: Not being
selective about the quality of hands you are willing to play.
Loose Game: A
game including a lot of players willing to play hands that have a low chance of
poker game with a betting structure that is affordable to the average player.
Pairing the second highest card on the flop.
A position in which you act before and after an equal, or close to equal number
Missed Blind: Not
posting the required pre-flop bet when it is your turn to post it.
Missed the Flop:
Your hand did not improve on the flop.
Motown: Jacks and
Move In: To bet
all the chips you have in front of you in a no-limit Hold'em game.
Muck: The folded
cards placed in a pile during a hand.
Mullets: A pair
betting structure where players are allowed to wager any or all of their chips
in a single bet at any time.
Nuts: In Texas
Hold'em the absolute best possible hand that can be made with the community
cards present and two additional cards. An unbeatable hand.
Off-Suit: Used to
describe cards that are not suited.
Open: To make the
first bet other than the required antes or blinds.
straight: Four cards of consecutive rank that will make a straight with the
addition of one higher or lower card such as 4-5-6-7. Either a 3 or an 8 will
complete the straight, therefore it is open ended.
choice given to the blind player on the first betting round to raise if he
Out and Out
Bluff: An attempt to steal the pot with a hand that has little chance to win if
Outs: The cards
or number of cards that will improve a hand to a likely winner.
Overcard: A hole
card that is higher than any card on the board.
Overpair: A pair
in the hole where the cards are higher than any card on the board. For example
pockets Jacks is an overpair if the board contains no card higher than a 10.
opposite of aggressive. A player who seldom bets or raises, preferring to check
and call most of the time.
Play the Board:
In Texas Hold'em: using the five community cards on the board as your best hand,
disregarding your hole cards.
Your hole cards in Texas Hold'em.
Pocket pair: A
pair in the hole.
relation of a player‘s seat to the blinds or the button.
betting structure of a game in which you are allowed to bet up to the amount in
the pot at any given time..
Agreeing with another player to take money out of a pot, often to buy food,
cigarettes, or drinks, or to make side bets.
Pot Odds: The
odds the pot is giving you on your investment.
portion of a hand played before the flop including the deal of the hole cards
and the first round of betting.
The hole cards in Texas Hold'em you would normally call a raise with from any
position, QQ, KK, AA.
Play Online Poker
Rags: cards with
little chance of winning.
increase the amount of a previous wager.
percentage of each pot which is kept by the house as a playing fee.
raise again when a player before you has raised.
River: The final
card of the five community cards dealt in Hold'em.
Rock: A tight
Rockets: A pair
winning hands in a short period of time. A player who has won 4 out of 5 of the
last pots may be said to be "on a rush."
check with what you believe to be the best hand with the intention of
check-raising or raising on a later betting round.
Screwed Down: A
player who is extremely tight may be said to be "screwed down."
Betting or raising with a hand that has a good chance to lose the pot but may be
able to win if it improves or happens to be the best hand at the time.
Set: When your
hole cards combine with the board to make three of a kind.
final act of determining the winner of the pot after all betting has been
Shuffle: The act
of mixing the cards before a hand.
Roy: A pair of Queens.
check or call with a very strong hand with the intention of raising on a future
Spike: To catch
the river card you need to win the pot.
Small Blind: In a
game with multiple blind bets, the smallest blind.
Snowmen: A pair
Split Pot: A pot
that is divided among two or more players who have tied for the best hand at the
available chips a player has in front of him.
Stand Alone Hand:
A hand that may be able to win without improvement, such as a pair.
Steal: To bet or
raise with a weak hand in an attempt to win the pot without a contest.
cards in consecutive rank.
Five cards in consecutive rank of the same suit.
Suited: Cards are
of the same suit.
Throwing a Party:
When one or more players at a table are entering nearly every pot and refusing
to fold regardless of the strength of their hand or hands.
Tight : A player
who is selective about opening hands and therefore plays less hands than the
Tight Game: A
game which has several tight players.
Tilt: To begin
betting and raising recklessly, especially in reaction to several frustrating
Top Pair: Pairing
the highest card on the board.
poker competition, normally with a set entry fee and prize structure.
Check-raising with a strong hand.
Turn: The fourth
card dealt on the board during community card games. The third betting round.
Under the Gun: In
Hold'em the first player to act on a betting round.
Weak: A player
who folds more often than normal.
straight. The lowest possible straight.
hole cards. A player with a pair of Aces in the hole is said to be holding
Play Online Poker